The Taj Mahal, often referred to as the “crown of palaces”, is a wonderful innovation of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Taj Mahal in Agra, India is known as one of the wonders of the world, and is an example of true love and passion.
The Taj Mahal is a huge mausoleum complex commissioned in 1632 by the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan to deal with the remains of his beloved wife. The famous complex was built over 20 years on the southern bank of the Yamuna River in Agra, India, and is one of the most prominent specimens of Mughal architecture, which combines Indian, Persian, and Islamic influences.
The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum of ivory white marble on the southern bank of the Yamuna River inside the Indian city of Agra. The tomb is the central piece of a 17-hectare (42-acre) complex, which houses a mosque and guesthouse, and is set in formal gardens bordered on three sides by an ornate wall.
The Taj Mahal is more than just a shrine – the poet Rabindranath Tagore has described it as a “tear on the cheek of eternity.” As an expression of the climax of the genius of the architectural Mughal dynasty in the Indian subcontinent, as a symbol of the love of the bereaved emperor of his emperor, and as an inspiration to countless photographers and artists who tried to capture the many nuances of sunlight, the Taj Mahal continued to capture people around the world with its history, design, and symbolism For eternal love.
The Taj Mahal was chosen as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1983 as “the jewel of Islamic art in India and one of the admired masterpieces of world heritage”. Many consider it the best example of Mughal architecture and the rich slogan of India’s history. The Taj Mahal attracts 7-8 million visitors annually. In 2007, she was declared the winner of the New Seven Wonders Initiative (2000-2007).
Location: Agra India
Build By: Shah Jahan
Architect: Ustad Ahmad Lahauri
Inscription: UNESCO World Heritage
Maintained By: Archeological Survey of India
Visitors: 7 000 000/year
Timings: Sunrise to Sunset Closed on Friday
Entry Fee: INR 50/person for Indian, INR 530 for Foreigners
Website: Checkout Official Website (http://tajmahal.gov.in)
Best Time To Visit the Taj Mahal Agra
The best time to visit the Taj Mahal is in the autumn, winter and spring months from October to February. It is best to avoid peak summer months from May to July due to the recent weather. After the monsoons, October and November offer spectacular scenery at its best charm, because the gardens are full of greenery and therefore the Yamuna River proudly flows through the Taj Mahal, swelling with rain after the monsoons. These two factors enhance the general experience of seeing the Taj Mahal.
Architecture and Design
The Taj Mahal, synonymous with Indian identity, is the crown jewel of Mughal architecture in India. Named the Taj Mahal in honor of Mumtaz Mahal, the shrine was built of white marble inlaid with semi-precious stones (including jade, crystal, lasolite, amethyst, and turquoise) forming intricate designs during a technique referred to as Petra Dora. The Mughal tradition of setting up majestic shrines on the memory of members of the property found its climax in the form of a majestic crown Taj. Humayun’s built tomb in 1562 had a serious impact on the design of the Taj.
Architectural marvel, the structure includes elements of Persian influences just like the dome design and the merging of arched entrances or “iwan” along with the inspiration from contemporary Hindu design elements such as Chatres and the abundant fusion of the lotus motif. Tagore described it as “a drop of tears on the cheek of time.” Inside the mausoleum, there was an octagonal marble room decorated with sculptures and semi-precious stones including the sarcophagus’s tomb, or false tomb, Mumtaz Mahal. The real sarcophagus that contains its true remains lies below, at the garden level.
Taj Mahal is a complex of elaborate complex consisting of a decorative gate, a beautifully designed garden, a magnificent water system and a mosque. The complex is located on the southern banks of the Yamuna River. The complex runs along the slope from south to north towards the river and is done in steps. The rest of the Taj Mahal complex includes the largest red sandstone gate and a square garden divided into quarters with long water pools, as well as a red sandstone mosque and a unified building called the answer (or “mirror”) directly opposite a mosque.
How to Reach
Agra is about 200 km from Delhi and can be easily reached by flights, roads and train services. The time period from Delhi to Agra by road is about 3 hours.
By Air – The journey from Taj Mahal to Kiria Airport takes 12 minutes. There is a distance of 10 km between Taj Mahal and therefore Kiria Airport.
By train – There is a good network of trains that connects Agra with the rest of the country. Apart from the most railway station in Agra Cantonment, there are two other stations too, Raja-ki-Mandi and Agra Fort. The main trains connecting Agra with Delhi are Palace on Wales, Chattabdi, Rajdhani, and Taj Express.
By Land – There are regular bus services from Agra to a number of important cities. Idgah and ISBT major buses have a number of buses that operate in Delhi, Jaipur, Mathura, Fatehpur-Sikri, etc. if you are coming from Delhi to Agra. You can rent Delhi to Agra Taxi with special discounts.
Tips for Visiting Taj Mahal
1. The Taj Mahal can be accessed through three gates. Tourist groups enter through the eastern and western gates and independent travelers through the southern gates. The eastern gate has the shortest queues. There are separate lines for men and women in all three portals.
2. Cameras and video are allowed. However, photographing inside the main shrine is prohibited.
3. Don’t forget to redeem the free water bottle (500ml) and shoe caps included in the ticket price.
4. You can store your luggage for free next to the ticket offices, as well as choose an audio guide for Rs. 118.
5. Visitors are allowed to use the free Wi-Fi internet service inside the complex for half an hour, after which they will be charged 30 Rs an hour after half an hour is completed.
Myths about Taj Mahal
There is a famous story that the Taj Mahal was a Shiva temple built in the 12th century which was later converted into an excellent memorial of Mahal. This theory was developed by Purushottam Nagesh Oak. He submitted a petition to open closed cellar rooms to prove his theory, but was rejected by the Supreme Court in 2000. Another story is the famous Black Mahal Crown. Many people believed that Shah Jahan planned to create an alternative image of the black marble monument on his opposite side, a work that had begun before his son Aurangzeb imprisoned him. Extensive excavations were conducted at Mehtabab Bagh, but no traces of this construction have been found.
The famous legend of the Taj Mahal is the distortion of the craftsmen who built it. It is believed that upon completion of the construction, Shah Jahan ordered to cut the hands of the craftsmen on the project so that no other building in the world would be beautiful again. However, there is no historical evidence to support this theory.
Recommended Read: 5 Historical Places to visit in Agra 2020 – Agra Tourist Places