Red Fort Delhi – Most Iconic Monument of India

Red Fort Delhi is an evergreen attraction to test your time and dazzle travelers all year round. It is located in the city center and was the headquarters of the emperors of the Mughal dynasty. It was built by Shah Jahan in 17 centuries as a result of capital shifting from Agra to Delhi. UNESCO declared the Red Fort World Heritage Site in 2007.

The Red Fort is one of the most famous political and historical buildings within the country. The castle is widely known for its outer walls that extend nearly 2 kilometers, and as such it is called it built of red sandstone which gives the building a red color.

Quick Facts

Location :      Old Delhi India

Constructed :    17 Century

Build By :    Shah Jahan

Famous For :   History, Architecture

Open : All Days except Monday

Timing : 7:00 AM to 5:30

Time Required: 2 to 3 Hours

Entry Fee : INR 35/person for Indians and INR 500/person for foreigners

Red Fort Delhi Light & Sound Show – 6pm onwards in English and Hindi

One of the main attractions of the castle is the light and sound show that takes place in the evening. Taken together from the simplest light and sound displays in India, red light and sound shows take you through the history of the memorial in an interesting and visually appealing way. The show ends with a short word of Jawaharlal Nehru. You can book the offer online or buy tickets from the cabins of the castle.

Duration : 60 minutes

Timings

Hindi – 7:30 pm to 8.30 pm

English – 9.00 pm to 10.00 pm

Timings might vary slightly based on the season.

Tickets

Weekdays – ₹ 60 for adults; ₹ 20 for kids

Weekends and Public Holidays – ₹ 80 for adults; ₹ 30 for kids

Red Fort – History

Was the red castle formerly known as Quila-e-Mubarak or the blessed castle, located on the banks of the Yamuna River, whose waters feed the trenches surrounding the castle? It was part of the medieval city of Shahjahanabad, known today as “Old Delhi”. The entire fort complex is said to represent architectural creativity and the brilliance of Mughal architecture.

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Construction of the Red Fort began in 1638, when the Fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan decided to leave from Agra and create an alternative Mughal capital, Shahjahanabad, in present-day Delhi. The fort, which was completely built during 1648, remained the seat of the Mughal emperors until 1857. After the Aurangzeb era, the Mughal dynasty became weaker in every aspect that began to affect the fort.

The Red Fort Delhi was massively destroyed in 1739 when the Persian ruler Nader Chan invaded the city and looted the fort of many valuable artifacts, including the Peacock Throne. Later, during the 1857 revolt against the British, the fortress’s marble structures were also destroyed.

Red Fort – Architecture

The architect of the Red Fort Delhi is Professor Ahmed Lahouri, who also designed the Taj Mahal. It is surrounded by a 2 km surrounding wall that served as an effective defense measure. The structure of the fort is an octagon, and it has several gates, the most prominent of which are the Lahuri, Ajmari, Kashmiri, Muri, Turkmen, and Delhi gates.

Covering 255 acres, the fort features a mixture of architectural styles such as Islamic, Indian, Timurid, and Persian. Its massive walls, 2.5 km in length, are made of red sandstone and from here the monument gets its name. Some parts of the fort are also made of red stone while the remaining structure is made of marble. The structure, which is in irregular octagonal shape, includes elements of garden design and also features towers, bastions, wings, two gates and a number of other sections.

Recommended Read: 8 Most Famous Places to Visit in Delhi – Tourist Attractions of Delhi (2020)